Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

Appendix A: Selected Court Cases on Panhandling

Drug Drug Nicknames Drug Type Intended Pleasurable Effects Possible Harmful Effects Cost Ingestion Method
MDMA (3,4-meth); illicit manufactur- ing makes it difficult for users to know the exact contents Ecstasy, XTC, E, X, Adam, love drug, hug drug, roll Stimulant (ampheta- mine) hybrid and mild hallucino- gen Reduction of inhibitions; feelings of empathy, well- being and relaxation; elimination of anxiety; enhancement of self-esteem and confidence; intensification of touch and taste senses; suppression of appetite and the need for sleep Dehydration, hyperthermia (body temperatures can reach 109 F), profuse sweating, rapid heart rate (tachycardia), jaw- clenching and teeth-grinding, loss of consciousness, damage to brain cells, permanent brain damage, anxiety, paranoia, depression, learning difficulties, confusion, memory loss, fatigue, kidney failure (difficulty producing urine), hyponatraemia, skin disorders $10 to $50 (U.S.) per dose Taken orally, usually in tablet or capsule form; can be snorted, injected or taken in suppository form
Rohypnol (flunitraze- pam) Roofie, rophie, roche, roach, roach-2, R- 2, rib, roopie, rope, ropie, ruffie, forget-me pill, circle, Mexican Valium Sleeping pill and preanes- thetic medication Intoxication without a hangover Amnesia, decreased blood pressure, drowsiness, visual disturbances, dizziness, confusion, gastrointestinal disturbances, urinary retention $5 to $20 per tablet Taken orally
LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) Acid, boomer, yellow sunshine, cid, dose, trip, hit, purple haze, microdot, or any number of names associated with the graphic design on blotter paper Hallucino- gen Hallucinations, feelings of relaxation Frightening hallucinations, panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety, flashbacks, nausea, impaired distance perception, unpredictable behavior $1 to $10 per dose Taken orally, usually in small tablet form, in gelatin squares or on blotter paper


Weir (2000) [Full text]; Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997); Royal Canadian Mounted Police (2000 )[Full text]; U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy (2001) [Full text]; National Institute on Drug Abuse (2001) [Full text]; U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (2000) [Full text]; Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2000) [Full text]; Spruit (1999); National Drug Intelligence Center (2001). [Full text]