• Center for Problem oriented policing

POP Center Problems  Retaliatory Violent Disputes References

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Altheimer, Irshad, and John Klofas. 2013. A Descriptive Analysis of the Rochester Shooting Database. Retrieved from http://www. rit.edu/emcs/ptgrad/landing/pdfs/shooting_victims.pdf

Anderson, Elijah. 1999. Codes of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Andrews, D.A., James Bonta, and J. Stephen Wormith. 2006. “The Recent Past and Near Future of Risk and/or Need Assessment.” Crime and Delinquency, 52(1): 7-27.

Athens, Lonnie. 2005. “Violent Encounters: Violent Engagements, Skirmishes, and Tiffs.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 34(6): 631-678.

Black, Donald. 1983. “Crime as Social Control.” American Sociological Review, 48(1): 34-45.

Boston Police Department. 2003. Unsolved Shooting Project. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Boston Police Department. 2012. Safe Street Teams Problem- Oriented Policing Initiative. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Bruce, Marino A., Vincent J. Rosigno, and Patricia L. McCall. 1998. “Structure, Context, and Agency in the Reproduction of Black-on-Black Violence.” Theoretical Criminology, 2(1): 29-55.

Brunton-Smith, Ian and Patrick Sturgis. 2011. “Does Neighborhoods Generate Fear of Crime? An Empirical Test Using the British Crime Survey.” Criminology, 49(2): 331-369. doi:doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00228.x

Cincinnati Police Department. 2017. P.I.V.O.T.: Place-based Investigations of Violent Offender Territories. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Clarke, Ronald V. and Derek B. Cornish. 1985. “Modeling Offenders’ Decisions: A Framework for Research and Policy. In M. Tonry and N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, vol. 6 (pp. 147-185). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Cohen, Dov and Richard E. Nisbett. 1994. “Self-Protection and the Culture of Honor: Explaining Southern Violence.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20(5): 546-551.

Copeland-Linder, Nikeea, Sara B. Johnson, Denise L. Haynie, Shang-en Chung, and Tina L. Cheng. 2012. “Retaliatory Attitudes and Violent Behaviors Among Assault-Injured Youth.” Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(3): 215-220. 

Decker, Scott H. 1996. “Collective and Normative Features of Gang Violence.” Justice Quarterly, 13(2): 243-264. doi:10.1080/07418829600092931

Eck, John E. and Ronald V. Clarke. 2013. Intelligence Analysis for Problem Solvers. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

El Paso Police Department. 2002. The Drive-by Shooting Response Team. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Elmquist, Joanna, John Hamel, Ryan C. Shorey, Lindsay Labrecque, Andrew Ninnemann, and Gregory L. Stuart. 2014. “Motivations for Intimate Partner Violence in Men and Women Arrested for Domestic Violence and Court Referred to Batterer Intervention Programs.” Partner Abuse, 5(4): 359-374.

Felson, Richard B. and James T. Tedeschi. 1993. Aggression and Violence: Social Interactionist Perspectives (1st ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Garot, Robert. 2009. “Reconsidering Retaliation: Structural Inhibitions, Emotive Dissonance, and the Acceptance of Ambivalence among Inner-city Young Men.” Ethnography, 10(1): 63-90.

Goldstein, Paul J. 1985. “The Drugs/Violence Nexus: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework.” Journal of Drug Issues, 15(4): 493-506.

Griffiths, Elizabeth, Carolyn Yule, and Rosemary Gartner. 2011. “Fighting Over Trivial Things: Explaining the Issue of Contention in Violent Altercations.” Criminology 49(1): 61-94. doi:doi:10.1111/j.1745-9125.2010.00218.x

Hipple, Natalie K., Edmund F. McGarrell, Mallory O’Brien, and Beth M. Huebner. 2017. “Gun Crime Incident Reviews as a Strategy for Enhancing Problem Solving and Information Sharing.” Journal of Crime and Justice, 40(1): 50-67.

Hughes, Lorine A. 2013. “Group Cohesiveness, Gang Member Prestige, and Delinquency and Violence in Chicago, 1959- 1962.” Criminology, 51(4): 795-832. doi:10.1111/1745-9125.12020

Jacobs, Bruce A. 2004. “A Typology of Street Criminal Retaliation.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 41(3): 295-323. doi:10.1177/0022427803262058

Jacobs, Bruce A. and Richard Wright. 2006. Street Justice: Retaliation in the Criminal Underworld. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jacobs, Bruce A. and Richard Wright. 2009. “Bounded Rationality, Retaliation, and the Spread of Urban Violence.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(10): 1739-1766.

Jacques, Scott. 2010. “The Necessary Conditions for Retaliation: Toward a Theory of Non-Violent Forms in Drug Markets.” Justice Quarterly, 27(2): 186-205.

Jacques, Scott and Andrea Allen. 2015. “Drug Market Violence: Virtual Anarchy, Police Pressure, Predation, and Retaliation.” Criminal Justice Review, 40(1): 87-99. doi:DOI: 10.1177/0734016814553266

Jacques, Scott and Richard Wright. 2011. “Informal Control and Illicit Drug Trade.” Criminology, 49(3): 729-765. doi:10.11 11/j.1745-9125.2011.00234

Kamphuis, Jan H. and Paul M.G. Emmelkamp. 2005. “20 Years of Research into Violence and Trauma: Past and Future Developments.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(2): 167-174.

Karraker, Naneen., Rebecca M. Cunningham, Marla G. Becker, Joel A. Fein, and Lyndee M. Knox. 2011. Violence is Preventable: A Best Practices Guide for Launching & Sustaining a Hospital-based Program to Break the Cycle of Violence. Oakland, California: National Network of Hospital-based Violence Intervention Programs and Youth Alive!.

Katz, Charles M., Vincent J. Webb, Kate Fox, and Jennifer N. Shaffer. 2011. “Understanding the Relationship between Violent Victimization and Gang Membership.” Journal of Criminal Justice, 39: 48-59.

Kivivuori, Janne, Jukka Savolainen, and Mikko Aaltonen. 2016. “The Revenge Motive in Delinquency: Prevalence and Predictors.” Acta Sociologica, 59(1): 69-84.

Klofas, John and Natalie Hipple, 2006. Project Safe Neighborhoods: Strategic Interventions Crime Incident Reviews: Case Study 3. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Justice Assistance.

Klofas, John. 2001. Three Types of Murder: Working Paper # 2001-04. Retrieved from Rochester, NY: https://www.rit.edu/ cla/criminaljustice/sites/rit.edu.cla.criminaljustice/files/docs/ WorkingPapers/2001/2001-04.pdf

Kooi, Brandon R. 2007. Policing Public Transportation: An Environmental and Procedural Evaluation of Bus Stops. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing.

Kubrin, Charis E. and Ronald Weitzer. 2003. “Retaliatory Homicide: Concentrated Disadvantage and Neighborhood Culture.” Social Problems, 50(2): 157-180.

Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department. 2008. The Safe Village Initiative: Reducing Violent Firearms and Gang-Related Crime in West Las Vegas. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Luckenbill, David F. 1977. “Criminal Homicide as a Situated Transaction.” Social Problems, 25(2): 176-186. doi:https://doi. org/10.2307/800293

Matthews, John. 2006. Jail Information Model. COPS Innovations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Retrieved from http://www.sheriffs.org/sites/default/files/tb/Jail-Info-Model.pdf.

Melde, Chris, and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2013. “Gangs and Violence: Disentangling the Impact of Gang Membership on the Level and Nature of Offending.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 29: 143-166. doi:10.1007/s10940-012-9164

Merseyside Police. 2009. Merseyside Gun Crime Initiative – Operation Noble. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Metropolitan Police, London Borough of Enfield. 2011. Addressing Gang Issues. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Papachristos, Andrew V. 2009. “Murder by Structure: Dominance Relations and the Social Structure of Gang Homicide.” American Journal of Sociology, 115(1): 74-128.

Patton, Desmond U., Robert D. Eschmann, Caitlin Elsaesser, and Eddie Bocanegra. 2016. “Sticks, Stones, and Facebook Accounts: What Violence Outreach Workers Know About Social Media and Urban-based Gang Violence in Chicago.” Computers in Human Behavior, 65: 591-600.

PICO National Network. 2016. Healing Communities in Crisis: Lifesaving Solutions to the Urban Gun Violence Epidemic. San Francisco, CA: Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence and the PICO National Network. Retrieved from https://lawcenter.giffords.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/ Healing-Communities-in-Crisis-URL.pdf

Pizarro, Jesenia M. 2008. “Reassessing the Situational Covariates of Homicides: Is There a Need to Disaggregate?” Homicide Studies 12(4): 323-349.

Planty, Mike. 2002. Third-Party Involvement in Violent Crime, 1993-1999. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Rengifo, Andres F. and Amanda Bolton. 2012. “Routine Activities and Fear of Crime: Specifying Individual-Level Mechanisms.” European Journal of Criminology, 9(2): 99-119. doi:10.1177/1477370811421648

Ritter, Nancy. 2009. “CeaseFire: A Public Health Approach to Reduce Shootings and Killings.” NIJ Journal, 264: 20-25.

Rosenfeld, Richard and Scott H. Decker. 1996. “Consent to Search and Seize: Evaluating an Innovative Youth Firearm Suppression Program.” Law and Contemporary Problems, 59(1): 197-220.

Rosenfeld, Richard, Bruce A. Jacobs, and Richard Wright. 2003. “Snitching and the Code of the Street.” British Journal of Criminology, 43: 291-309.

San Diego Police Department. 2011. Asian Gang Project. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Skogan, Wesley G., Susan M. Hartnett, Natalie Bump, and Jill Dubois. 2009. Evaluation of CeaseFire-Chicago. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Southern Nevada Counter-Terrorism Center. 2012. School Violence Initiative. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Stewart, Eric A. and Ronald L. Simons. 2010. “Race, Code of the Street, and Violent Delinquency: A Multi-Level Investigation of Neighborhood Street Culture and Individual Norms of Violence.” Criminology, 48(2): 569-605.

Taylor, Angela. 2012. “Step by Step: A Situational Analysis of Drug Business Disputes.” Journal of Drug Issues, 42(3): 279-297.

Taylor, Terrance J., Adrienne Freng, Finn-Aage Esbensen, and Dana Peterson. 2008. “Youth Gang Membership and Serious Violent Victimization: The Importance of Lifestyles and Routine Activities.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(10), 1441-1464.

The History Channel. n.d. The Hatfield & McCoy Feud. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/shows/hatfields-and- mccoys/articles/the-hatfield-mccoy-feud Retrieved November 14, 2018.

Topalli, Volkan, Richard Wright, and Robert Fornango. 2002. “Drug Dealers, Robbery, and Retaliation: Vulnerability, Deterrence and the Contagion of Violence.” British Journal of Criminology, 42: 337-351.

Webster, Daniel, Shannon Frattaroli, and Elizabeth M. Parker. 2014. “Interrupting Violence: How the CeaseFire Program Mediates Gun Violence through Conflict Mediation.” Journal of Urban Health 91(1): 84-95.

Weisburd, David and John E. Eck. 2004. “What Can Police Do to Reduce Crime, Disorder, and Fear?” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 593: 42-65.

Wilkinson, Deanna L. 2003. Guns, Violence, and Identity Among African American and Latino Youth. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC.

Wilkinson, Deanna L., Chauncey C. Beaty, and Regina M. Lurry. 2009. “Youth Violence—Crime or Self-Help? Marginalized Urban Males’ Perspectives on the Limited Efficacy of the Criminal Justice System to Stop Youth Violence.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 623: 25-38.

Wolfgang, Marvin E. 1958. Patterns in Criminal Homicide. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

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