Brantingham, P.L., and P.J. Brantingham (1981). "Notes on the Geometry of Crime." In P.J. and P.L. Brantingham (eds.), Environmental Criminology. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage, pp. 27–54.
Brantingham P.L., and P.J. Brantingham (1984). Patterns in Crime. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Clarke, R.V. (1980). "Situational Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice." British Journal of Criminology 20(2):136–147.
Clarke, R.V. (1992). Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies. Albany (New York): Harrow and Heston.
Cohen, L., and M. Felson (1979). “Social Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach.” American Sociological Review 44(4):588–608.
Cornish, D., and R.V. Clarke (1986). The Reasoning Criminal: Rational Choice Perspectives on Offending. New York: Springer Verlag. [Full text]
Crowe, T. (2000). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. 2nd ed. Boston, Mass.: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Crowe, T., and D. Zahm (1994). "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design." Land Development, Fall: 22–27
Eck, J., and Spelman, W. (1987). Problem-Solving: Problem-Oriented Policing in Newport News. Washington, D.C.: Police Executive Research Forum.
Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-Oriented Policing. New York: Mc-Graw Hill.
Jeffery, C. R. (1971, 1977). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.
Kruger, T., K. Landman and S. Liebermann (2001). Designing Safer Places: A Manual for Crime Prevention Through Planning and Design. Pretoria, South Africa: CSIR Building and Construction Technology and The Department of Safety and Security.
National Crime Prevention Council (1997). Designing Safer Communities: Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Handbook. Washington, D.C.: NCPC. [Full text]
Newman, O. (1972). Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design. New York: Macmillan.
Police Executive Research Forum (1993, October). A Police Guide to Surveying Citizens and Their Environment. Bureau of Justice Assistance, Washington, D.C. (NCJ143711). [Full text]
Free Bound Copies of the Tool Guides
You may order free bound copies in any of three ways:
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Phone: 800-421-6770 or 202-307-1480
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Using CPTED in Problem Solving
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