• Center for Problem oriented policing

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American Prosecutors Research Institute (2004). Unwelcome Guests: A Community Prosecution Approach to Street-Level Drug Dealing and Prostitution. Alexandria (Virginia): American Prosecutors Research Institute, National Center for Community Prosecution. [Full Text]

Benson, C., and R. Matthews (2000). "Police and Prostitution: Vice Squads in Britain." In R. Weitzer (ed.), Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry. New York: Routledge.

——— (1995). "Street Prostitution: Ten Facts in Search of a Policy." International Journal of the Sociology of Law 23(4):395–415.

Bindel, J., and L. Kelly (2003). A Critical Examination of Responses to Prostitution in Four Countries: Victoria, Australia; Ireland; the Netherlands; and Sweden. London: London Metropolitan University, Child. and Women Abuse Studies Unit. [Full Text]

Brooks-Gordon, B., and L. Gelsthorpe (2003a). "Prostitutes' Clients, Ken Livingstone, and a New Trojan Horse." Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 42(5):437–451.

——— (2003b). "What Men Say When Apprehended for Kerb-Crawling: A Model of Prostitutes' Clients' Talk." Psychology, Crime, & Law 9(2):145–171.

Buffalo Prostitution Task Force (1999). "Workable Solutions to the Problem of Street Prostitution in Buffalo." Report. Buffalo, New York: Buffalo Prostitution Task Force. [Full Text] See also the Goldstein Award submission on the Prostitution Task Force.

Campbell, J. (2001). Solving Chronic Nuisance Problems: A Guide for Neighborhood Leaders. Columbia (Maryland): The Enterprise Foundation.

Campbell, R., and M. Storr (2001). "Challenging the Kerb Crawler Rehabilitation Programme." Feminist Review 67(1):94–108.

Canada Department of Justice Research Section (1989). "Street Prostitution: Assessing the Impact of the Law." Synthesis report. Ottawa: Canada Department of Justice.

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department (2003). "The McLeod Center Partnership." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. [Full Text]

Church, S., M. Henderson, M. Barnard, and G. Hart (2001). "Violence by Clients Towards Female Prostitutes in Different Work Settings: Questionnaire Survey." British Medical Journal 322(7285):524–525.

Cleveland Police, Middlesbrough Police District (2000). "Multiagency Action-Against-Prostitution Project." Submission for the Tilley Award. [Full Text]

Cohen, B. (1980). Deviant Street Networks: Prostitution in New York City. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books.

Cusick, L., and M. Hickman (2005). "'Trapping' in Drug Use and Sex Work Careers." Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy 12(5):369–379.

Cusick, L., A. Martin, and T. May (2003). Vulnerability and Involvement in Drug Use and Sex Work. Home Office Research Study, No. 268. London: Home Office Research, Development, and Statistics Directorate. [Full Text] [Research Findings ]

Dalla, R., Y. Zia, and H. Kennedy (2003). "You Just Give Them What They Want and Pray They Don't Kill You: Street-Level Sex Workers' Reports of Victimization, Personal Resources, and Coping Strategies." Violence Against Women 9(11):1367–1394.

Dodge, M., D. Starr-Gimeno, and T. Williams (2005). "Puttin' on the Sting: Women Police Officers' Perspectives on Reverse Prostitution Assignments." International Journal of Police Science & Management 7(2):7185.

Eck, J., and W. Spelman (1987). Problem-Solving: Problem-Oriented Policing in Newport News. Washington, D.C.: Police Executive Research Forum.

Ekberg, G. (2004). "The Swedish Law That Prohibits the Purchase of Sexual Services: Best Practices for Prevention of Prostitution and Trafficking in Human Beings." Violence Against Women 10(10):1187–1218.

Expert Group on Prostitution, and Scottish Executive (2004). Being Outside: Constructing a Response to Street Prostitution: A Report of the Expert Group on Prostitution in Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive. [Full Text]

Fischer, B., S. Wortley, C. Webster, and M. Kirst (2002). "The Sociolegal Dynamics and Implications of 'Diversion': The Case Study of the Toronto 'John School' Diversion Programme for Prostitution Offenders." Criminal Justice: The International Journal of Policy and Practice 2(4):385–410.

Forrest, S., A. Myhill, and N. Tilley (2005). Practical Lessons for Involving the Community in Crime and Disorder Problem-Solving. Home Office Development and Practice Report, No. 43. London: Home Office. [Full Text]

Getz, R. (1996). "High-Profile Program Successfully Drives Prostitutes Out of Town." Community Policing Exchange November/December:6. [Full Text]

Golding, R. (1994). "Prostitution in Holland." Policing 10(1):48–57.

Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-Oriented Policing. New York: McGraw-Hill.

——— (1977). Policing a Free Society. Cambridge (Massachusetts): Ballinger Publishing Co. (Republished in 1990 by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin.)

Haringey Council (2004). Scrutiny Review of Street Prostitution. London: Haringey Council. [Full Text]

Hester, M., and N. Westmarland (2004). Tackling Street Prostitution: Toward a Holistic Approach. Home Office Research Study, No. 279. London: Home Office Research, Development, and Statistics Directorate. [Full Text]

Hill, G. (2004). "Comment: The Use of Pre-existing Exclusionary Zones as Probationary Conditions for Prostitution Offenses: A Call for the Sincere Application of Heightened Scrutiny." Seattle University Law Review 28(1):173–209.

Hodgson, J. (1997). Games Pimps Play: A Qualitative Analysis of Street Prostitution. Toronto: Canadian Scholar's Press.

Home Office (2006). A Coordinated Prostitution Strategy and a Summary of Responses to 'Paying the Price'. London: Home Office. [Full Text]

——— (2004). "Paying the Price: A Consultation Paper on Prostitution." London: Home Office. [Full Text]

Hubbard, P. (1998). "Community Action and the Displacement of Street Prostitution: Evidence From British Cities." Geoforum 29(3):269–286. [Full Text]

Hubbard, P., and T. Sanders (2003). "Making Space for Sex Work: Female Street Prostitution and the Production of Urban Space." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 27(1):75–89.

Hughes, D. (2004). Best Practices To Address the Demand Side of Sex Trafficking. Kingston (Rhode Island): University of Rhode Island, Women's Studies Program. [Full Text]

Hunter, G., T. May, and the Drug Strategy Directorate (2004). Solutions and Strategies: Drug Problems and Street Sex Markets: Guidance for Partnerships and Providers. London: Home Office, Drug Strategy Directorate. [Full Text]

Kennedy, M., B. Gorzalka, and J. Yuille (2004). "Men Who Solicit Prostitutes: A Demographic Profile of Participants in the Vancouver Police Department's Prostitution Offender Program." Prepared for the Vancouver Police Department and the John Howard Society of the Lower Mainland. [Full Text]

Kurtz, S., H. Surratt, J. Inciardi, and M. Kiley (2004). "Sex Work and 'Date' Violence." Violence Against Women 10(4):357–385.

Larsen, N. (1996). "The Effect of Different Police Enforcement Policies on the Control of Prostitution." Canadian Public Policy—Analyse de Politiques 22(1):40–55.

Lowman, J. (1992). "Street Prostitution Control: Some Canadian Reflections on the Finsbury Park Experience." British Journal of Criminology 32(1):1–17.

MacMillan, R. (2005). "Dear John: You're Online." Washington Post, June 22. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost. com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/22/ AR2005062200 514.html. Accessed August 21, 2006.

Maloney, P., and G. Mobley (2002). Controlling Prostitution: A Multimodality Approach. White Paper. Memphis (Tennessee): Memphis Shelby Crime Commission. [Full Text]

Matthews, R. (2005). "Policing Prostitution: Ten Years On." British Journal of Criminology 45(6):877–895.

——— (1997). "Developing More Effective Strategies for Curbing Prostitution." In R. Clarke (ed.), Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies (2nd ed.). Guilderland, New York: Harrow and Heston. [Full Text]

——— (1993). Kerb-crawling, Prostitution and Multi-agency Policing. Crime Prevention Unit Series, Paper 43. London: Home Office. [Full Document] [Briefing Note]

May, T., M. Edmunds and M. Hough (1999). Street Business: The Links Between Sex and Drug Markets. Police Research Series, Paper 118. London: Home Office. [Full Document] [Briefing Note]

McIntyre, S. (2002). Strolling Away. Ottawa: Canada Department of Justice, Research and Statistics Division. [Full Text]

Melrose, M. (2003). "Street Prostitution and Community Safety: A Case of Contested Meanings?" Community Safety Journal 2(1):21–31.

Monto, M. (2004). "Female Prostitution, Customers, and Violence." Violence Against Women 10(2):160–188.

Moser, S. (2001). "Anti-prostitution Zones: Justifications for Abolition." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 91(4):1101–1126.

National Research Council (2004). Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

New Westminster Police Service (2002). "'First Registry': The Forensic Identification Registry for Sex-Trade Workers." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. [Full Text]

Newburn, T. (1999). Understanding and Preventing Police Corruption: Lessons From the Literature. Police Research Series, Paper 110. London: Home Office, Policing and Reducing Crime Unit. [Full Text]

Norton-Hawk, M. (2004). "A Comparison of Pimp- and Non-Pimp-Controlled Women." Violence Against Women 10(2):189–194.

Penfold, C., G. Hunter, R. Campbell, and L. Barham (2004). "Tackling Client Violence in Female Street Prostitution: Inter-agency Working Between Outreach Agencies and the Police." Policing & Society 14(4):365–379.

Persons, C. (1996). "Sex in the Sunlight: The Effectiveness, Efficiency, Constitutionality, and Advisability of Publishing Names and Pictures of Prostitutes' Patrons." Vanderbilt Law Review 49:1525–1575.

Portland Police Bureau and Campbell Resources Inc. (1991). Crime Prevention in Overnight Lodging: A Guide to Preventing Drug Activity, Prostitution and Other Illegal Behavior in Hotels and Motels. Portland, Oregon: City of Portland. [Full Text]

Rabinovitz, J., and S. Strega (2004). "The PEERS Story: Effective Services Sidestep the Controversies." Violence Against Women 10(2):140–159.

Romero-Daza, M. Weeks, and M. Singer (2003). "'Nobody Gives a Damn If I Live or Die': Violence, Drugs, and Street-Level Prostitution in Inner-City Hartford, Connecticut." Medical Anthropology 22(3):233–259.

Sagar, T. (2005). "Street Watch: Concept and Practice: Civilian Participation in Street Prostitution Control." British Journal of Criminology 45(1):98–112.

Sampson, R., and M. Scott (eds.) (2000). "A Prostitution Problem in National City, Calif." Tackling Crime and Other Public-Safety Problems: Case Studies in Problem-Solving. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. [Full text] See also the Goldstein Award submission by the National City Police Department.

San Bernardino (California) Police Department (1999). "Prostitution Restraining Order Program." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in ProblemOriented Policing. [Full Text]

San Diego Police Department (1994). "Temporary Restraining Order Keeps Prostitutes Off Streets." Problem-Solving Quarterly 7(3/4):3,10–11. [Full Text]

San Diego Police Department and San Diego City Attorney's Office (2003). "Addressing Quality-of-Life Issues Through the Formation of the Mid-City Neighborhood Prosecution Team." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Sanders, T. (2005). Sex Work: A Risky Business. Cullompton (England); Portland (Oregon): Willan.

——— (2004). "The Risks of Street Prostitution: Punters, Police, and Protesters." Urban Studies 41(9):1703–1717.

——— (2001). "Female Street Sex Workers, Sexual Violence, and Protection Strategies." Journal of Sexual Aggression 7(1):5–18.

Spelman, W. (1993). "Abandoned Buildings: Magnets for Crime?" Journal of Criminal Justice 21:481–495.

Sterk, C., and K. Elifson (1990). "Drug-Related Violence and Street Prostitution." In M. De La Rosa, E. Lambert, and B. Gropper (eds.), Drugs and Violence: Causes, Correlates, and Consequences. NIDA Research Monograph 103. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. [Full Text]

Surratt, H., J. Inciardi, S. Kurtz, and M. Kiley (2004). "Sex Work and Drug Use in a Subculture of Violence." Crime & Delinquency 50(1):43–59.

Thukral, J., and M. Ditmore (2003). Revolving Door: An Analysis of Street-Based Prostitution in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, Sex Workers Project.

Van Brunschot, E. (2003). "Community Policing and 'John Schools'." Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 40(2):215–232.

van Gelder, P. and C. Kaplan. (1992). "The Finishing Moment: Temporal and Spatial Features of Sexual Interactions Between Streetwalkers and Car Clients." Human Organization 51(3): 253–263.

Vancouver Police Department Vice Unit (2002). "D.I.S.C.: A Shared Solution: The Positive Effects of Police Agencies and Communities Working in Partnership To Solve the Problems Inflicted by the Sex Trade." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. [Full text]

Victoria Attorney-General's Prostitution Advisory Group (2002). Attorney-General's Street Prostitution Advisory Group: Final Report. Melbourne (Australia): Victoria Department of Justice. [Full Text]

Weidner, R. (2001). 'I Won't Do Manhattan': Causes and Consequences of a Decline in Street Prostitution. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC.

Weisel, D. (2004). Street Prostitution in Raleigh, N.C. A final report to the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, on the field applications of the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Project. [Full text]

Weitzer, R. (ed.) (2000). Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography and the Sex Industry. New York: Routledge.

———  (1999). "Prostitution Control in America: Rethinking Public Policy. Crime, Law & Social Change 32:83–102.

Williamson, C., and T. Cluse-Tolar (2002). "Pimp-Controlled Prostitution: Still an Integral Part of Street Life." Violence Against Women 8(9):1074–1092.

Wortley, S., and B. Fischer (2002). An Evaluation of the Toronto John School Diversion Program. Toronto: University of Toronto, Center of Criminology.

Wortley, S., B. Fischer, and C. Webster (2002). "Vice Lessons: A Survey of Prostitution Offenders Enrolled in the Toronto John School Diversion Program." Canadian Journal of Criminology 44(4):369–402.

www.renewal.net (n.d.). "Prostitution and Kerb-Crawling: Road Management Interventions." Accessed June 22, 2006. [Full Text]

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