• Center for Problem oriented policing

POP Center Problems Robbery of Pharmacies References

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Alberta College of Pharmacists. 2010. “Robberies and Burglaries Happen: Are You Prepared?” ACP News, Winter 2010 Suppl. https://pharmacists.ab.ca/sites/default/files/newsletters/ACPNews_ Winter2010.pdf.

Basca, Belinda. 2008. “Youth Prescription Drug Abuse: A Growing Concern.” Prevention Tactics 9(1): 1–8. http://www.cars-rp.org/publications/Prevention%20Tactics/PT09.01.08.pdf.

Blevins, Kristie R., Joseph B. Kuhns, and Z. Lee Seungmug. 2012. Understanding Decisions to Burglarize from the Offender’s Perspective. Charlotte: The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Department of Criminal Justice & Criminology.

British Columbia Pharmacy Association and College of Pharmacists of British Columbia. 2010. Guidelines for Addressing Pharmacy Robbery in B.C. Vancouver, BC: British Columbia Pharmacy Association.

Browning, Jeff. 2013. “Pharmacy Theft and Robbery: Awareness and Prevention.” Presentation to DEA Pharmacy Diversion Awareness Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, March 2–3.

Casteel, Carri, and Corrine Peek-Asa. 2000. “Effectiveness of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) in Reducing Robberies.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 18(4, Suppl. 1): 99–115. http://www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-3797(00)00146-X/pdf.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2011. “Prescription Drug Overdoses: An American Epidemic.” Public Health Grand Rounds, February 17. http://www.cdc.gov/cdcgrandrounds/ pdf/phgrrx17feb2011.pdf.

Eltman, Frank. 2011. “New York Shooting: Four Dead In Pharmacy Massacre.” Huffington Post. Last modified August 19, 2011. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/19/pharmacy-shooting-4-killed _n_880118.html.

Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2011. Epidemic: Responding to America’s Prescription Drug Abuse Crisis. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States, Office of National Drug Control Policy. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/policy-and-research/rx_abuse_plan.pdf.

Fitzgerald, Deirdre, and A. Reid. 2012. “Frequency and Consequences of Violence in Community Pharmacies in Ireland.” Occupational Medicine 61(6):495–503. http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/ content/early/2012/09/11/occmed.kqs154.full.pdf.

Frederick, Jim. 2012. “Techs a Front-Line Resource as Pharmacies Battle Crime.” Drug Store News. Last modified January 30, 2012. http://www.drugstorenews.com/article/techs-front-line-resource-pharmacies-battle-crime.

Gabor, Thomas. 1989. “Preventing Armed Robbery through Opportunity Reduction: A Critical Analysis.” Journal of Security Administration 12(1): 3–19.

Gebhart, Fred. 2010. “PharmaSafe: Dispensing Protection for Pharmacies.” Drug Topics 154(1): 19.

—————. 2011. “How to Protect Your Pharmacy against Drug-Related Crime.” Drug Topics 155(12): 37.

Goodnough, Amy. 2011. “Pharmacies Besieged by Addicted Thieves.” The New York Times,
February 6. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/07/us/07pharmacies.html.

Hartley, Dan. 2008. “Prevention of Violence Against Pharmacists.” Presentation for the National Drug Intelligence Center. http://www.asse.org/assets/1/7/Daniel_Hartley.pdf.

Jabeen, Amber. 2012. “Using Technology to Combat Pharmacy Robberies.” Community Policing Dispatch 5(4). http://cops.usdoj.gov/html/dispatch/04-2012/technology-and-pharmacy-robberies.asp.

Klein, Jeffrey D. 2012. Prescription Drug Abuse and Violence Against Pharmacies: How the Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse is Driving Increasing Crime Against Our Pharmacies. Albany, NY: New York State Senate, Committee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse. http://www.nysenate.gov/files/pdfs/Pharmacy%20Crime%20report%20[final].pdf.

LaBelle, Regina, Mac Venzon, and Emanuel Barthe. 2011. Addressing the Problem of Prescription Fraud. Miami: Presentation at the 22nd Annual Problem-Oriented Policing Conference.

Marshall, Nicole. 2010. “Police Teach Drugstores Robbery-Prevention Tips.” Tulsa World. Last
modified October 6, 2010. http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/local/police-teach-drugstores-

National Drug Intelligence Center. 2001. “OxyContin Diversion and Abuse.” U.S. Department of Justice Information Bulletin, January. http://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs/651/651p.pdf.

National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators. 2007. “Pharmacy Security Checklist.” Stamford, Connecticut: Purdue Pharma. http://www.rxpatrol.com/pdf/A7957-draft.pdf.

Payne, Brian K., and Dean Dabney. 1997. “Prescription Fraud: Characteristics, Consequences, and Influences.” Journal of Drug Issues 27(4):807–820.

Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland and An Garda Siochána. 2009. Security Assessment Template: Guidance Document for Retail Pharmacy Businesses. Dublin: Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland. http://www.thepsi.ie/Libraries/I_E/Security_Assessment_Guidance_2009.sflb.ashx.

Pharmacists’ Defence Association. 2005. Stopping Violence in the Pharmacy. Personal Safety Resource Pack. Birmingham, UK: Pharmacists’ Defence Association. https://www.the-pda.org/wp-content/uploads/stopping-violence-resources.pdf

Pharmacy Guild of Australia and Guild Insurance Limited. 2007. “Pseudoephedrine-Related Break and Enter: 10 Practical Tips to Reduce Your Risks.” Canberra: Pharmacy Guild of Australia.

San Diego Police Department Neighborhood Policing Resource Team. 2012. “Preventing and Dealing with Pharmacy Robberies.” San Diego Police Department website. Last modified May 29, 2012. https://www.sandiego.gov/sites/default/files/preventingpharmacyrobberies.pdf 

Saskatchewan Pharmaceutical Association. 1998. Pharmacy Security Guide. Saskatchewan
Pharmaceutical Association. https://scp.in1touch.org/uploaded/58/web/refmanual/

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2013. Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUHresults2012/NSDUHresults2012.pdf.

Taylor, Natalie. 2002. “Robbery Against Service Stations and Pharmacies: Recent Trends.” Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 223 (April). http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

Thomas, Pierre, and Enjoli Francis. 2012. “Pharmacies Targeted by Dealers, Addicts Desperate for Painkillers.” ABC News. Last modified April 5, 2012. http://abcnews.go.com/US/pharmacies-targeted-dealers-addicts-desperate-painkillers/story?id=16081107.

U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, Office of Diversion Control. n.d.. “Pharmacy Robbery & Burglary: Tips to Protect Your Customers, Your Business, and Yourself.” Brochure. Washington, DC: Drug Enforcement Administration. http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/brochures/pharmtheft.pdf.

U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, Office of Diversion Control. 2010. “Pharmacist’s Manual: An Informational Outline of the Controlled Substances Act.” Washington, DC: Drug Enforcement Administration. http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/manuals/pharm2/pharm_manual.pdf.

U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, Office of Diversion Control. n.d.. Warning Sign poster. Washington, DC: Drug Enforcement Administration. http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/brochures/warning/warning_poster.pdf.

Van Dusen, Virgil. 2002. “‘Safe’ Considerations: Burglary- and Fire-Resistant Devices for the Pharmacy.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 42(4): 552–555. https://www.japha.org/article/S1086-5802(15)30225-4/fulltext

Willis, Katie. 2006. The Decision-making Patterns of Armed Robbery Offenders. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

WorkCover Authority of New South Wales. n.d.. “Managing the Risk of Robbery and Violence in Pharmacies.” Fact Sheet. Canberra: WorkCover Authority of New South Wales.

Wright, Kay. 2004. “The Croydon Pharmacy Robberies—A Proactive Approach to Crime Reduction.” Croydon Case Study 1. London: Raid-control. http://www.raid-control.org/croydonpilot.php.

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