Background Reading on POP and Its Implementation
Problem-Oriented Policing: Successful Case Studies
by Michael S. Scott and Ronald V. Clarke (eds.) (Routledge, 2020)
This book explores a wide range of problems that fall under five general categories: gang violence; violence against women; vulnerable people; disorderly places; and theft, robbery, and burglary. The case studies tell stories of how police, in collaboration with others, successfully tackled real-world policing problems fairly and effectively.
by Herman Goldstein (McGraw-Hill, 1990, and Temple University Press, 1990).
Explains the principles and methods of problem-oriented policing, provides examples of it in practice, and discusses how a police agency can implement the concept.
Problem-Oriented Policing and Crime Prevention, 2nd Edition
by Anthony A. Braga (2008). Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.
This book provides a thorough review of significant policing research, with a focus on the applicability of those findings to problem-oriented policing. The three parts of the problem analysis triangle are addressed separately, with one chapter concerning problem places, another high-activity offenders, and a third repeat victims. The issue of how police departments can facilitate problem-oriented policing is explored in a chapter that discusses improving crime analysis, measuring performance, and securing productive partnerships.
by Tim Read and Nick Tilley (Home Office Crime Reduction Research Series, 2000).
Identifies and describes the factors that make problem-solving effective or ineffective as it is being practiced in police forces in England and Wales.
by Michael S. Scott (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2000).
Describes how the most critical elements of Herman Goldstein's problem-oriented policing model have developed in practice over its 20-year history, and proposes future directions for problem-oriented policing.
by Herman Goldstein. Crime & Delinquency 1979 25: 236-258.
If the police are to realize a greater return on the investment made in improving their operations, and if they are to mature as a profession, they must concern them selves more directly with the end product of their efforts.
by John E. Eck and William Spelman (Police Executive Research Forum, 1987).
Explains the rationale behind problem-oriented policing and the problem-solving process, and provides examples of effective problem-solving in one agency.
By Rachel Boba, PhD, Director, Crime Mapping Laboratory, Police Foundation. (March 2003)
This report introduces and defines problem analysis and provides guidance on how problem analysis can be integrated and institutionalized into modern policing practices.
By Ronald V. Clarke. U.S. Dept. of Justice, award number: 95-IJ-CX-0021(June 2002)
This report examines the similarities and differences between situational crime prevention and problem-oriented policing, and clarifies the distinction between community policing and problem oriented policing.
by Rana Sampson and Michael S. Scott (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2000).
Presents case studies of effective police problem-solving of 18 types of crime and disorder problems.