Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

Endnotes

1 Usher (2003a).

2 Goold (2004: 12).

3 Leman-Langlois (2002).

4 Surette (2005).

5 Clarke and Cornish (1985).

6 Ditton, Short, Phillips, Norris, and Armstrong (1999: 24).[Research Findings]

7 Honess and Charman (1992: 6).[Full Text]

8 Short and Ditton (1998).[Abstract Available]

9 Usher (2003b).

10 See Makkai, Ratcliffe, Veraar, and Collins (2004). [Full Text]

11 Edmunds, Hough, and Urquia (1996).

12 Poyner (1988).

13 Welsh and Farrington (2004).

14 Squires (2000).[Full Text]

15 Brown (1995: 7). [Full Report]

16 Brown (1995: 14). [Full Report]

17 Harris, Jones, Hillier, and Turner (1998).

18 For example, see Clarke and Weisburd (1994)[Full Text], Green (1995), Ratcliffe and Makkai (2004)[Full Text].

19 For example, see Ratcliffe (2002).

20 Edmunds et al (1996: 16-17).[Full Text]

21 Honess and Charman (1992: 17)[Full Text]

22 Winge and Knutsson (2003).

23 For example, see Honess and Charman (1992).[Full Text]

24 Edmunds et al. (1996: 27).

25 McCoppin (2002).

26 Brown (1995: 59) [Full Report]; Short and Ditton (1998)[Abstract Available].

27 Phillips (1999) [Full text].

28 Welsh and Farrington (2002, 2004).[Full Text]

29 Gill and Spriggs (2005) and see Appendix B. [Full Text]

30 Bennett and Gelsthorpe (1996: 87).

31 Davies (1996).

32 For example, see (Cavoukian, 2001). [Full Text]

33 Mazerolle, Hurley, and Chamlin (2002).

34 Bodipo-Memba (2004).

35 Bodipo-Memba (2004).

36 Smithson (2004).

37 Ditton et al. (1999: 8).[Research Findings]

38 Gill and Loveday (2003).

39 Goold (2004).

40 Goold (2004: 180).

41 See Tilley (1997).

42 Norris and Armstrong (1999).

43 Orwell (1949).

44 House of Representatives (2002).

45 Goold (2004: 86).

46 389 U.S. 347.

47 For a detailed discussion of various cases, see Hickey, Capsambelis, and LaRose (2003: 549).

48 Harris et al. (1998).

49 Hamilton (2004).

50 Leman-Langlois (2002).

51 Surette (2005).

52 Ditton et al. (1999: 61).[Research Findings]

53 Home Office (1994).

54 Koskela (2000).