• Center for Problem oriented policing


Bamfield, Joshua. 1997. Making Shoplifters Pay. London: The Social Market Foundation.

----- 1998. "Retail Civil Recovery: Filling a Deficit in the Criminal Justice System?" International Journal of Risk, Security and Crime Prevention 3(4): 257–267.

Beck, Adrian. 2011. "Self-Scan Checkouts and Retail Loss: Understanding the Risk and Minimizing the Threat." Security Journal 24(3): 199–215.

Beck, Adrian, and Andrew Willis. 1999. "Context-Specific Measures of CCTV Effectiveness in the Retail Sector." In Surveillance of Public Space: CCTV, Street Lighting and Crime Prevention, ed. Kate Painter and Nick Tilley. Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 10. Monsey, New York: Criminal Justice Press: 251–269.

Better Business Bureau of WNY, Inc. 1993. "Stop Shoplifting Education Program." Annual Report. Buffalo, New York: Better Business Bureau of WNY, Inc.

Boise Police Department. 2012. "Organized Retail Crime Interdiction: A Partnership that Works." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Buckle, Abigail, David P. Farrington, John Burrows, Martin Speed, and Tony Burns-Howell. 1992. "Measuring Shoplifting by Repeated Systematic Counting." Security Journal 3(3): 137–146.

Budden, Michael C. 1999. Preventing Shoplifting Without Being Sued: Practical Advice for Retail Executives. Westport, Connecticut: Quorum Books.

Burrows, John. 1988. Retail Crime: Prevention Through Crime Analysis. Crime Prevention Unit, Paper 11. London: Home Office Crime Prevention Unit.

Cardone, Caroline A. 2006. Opportunity Makes the Thief: Analysis of the Physical Cues that Influence Shoplifter Perceptions of the Retail Interior and the Decision to Steal. Master's Thesis. University of Florida.

Carmel-Gilfilen, Candy. 2011. "Advancing Retail Security Design: Uncovering Shoplifter Perceptions of the Physical Environment." Journal of Interior Design 36(2): 21–38.

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department. 2003. "The Home Depot Project." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Clarke, Ronald V. 1999. Hot Products: Understanding, Anticipating and Reducing the Demand for Stolen Goods. Police Research Series, Paper 112. London: Home Office.

Colorado Springs Police Department. 2009. "Pikes Peak Retail Security Association: Decreasing the Level of Shoplifting Citywide." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Dabney, Dean A., Richard C. Hollinger, and Laura Dugan. 2004. "Who Actually Steals? A Study of Covertly Observed Shoplifters." Justice Quarterly 21(4): 693–728.

DiLonardo, Robert L. 1996. "Defining and Measuring the Economic Benefit of Electronic Article Surveillance." Security Journal 7(1): 3–9.

DiLonardo, Robert L., and Ronald V. Clarke. 1996. "Reducing the Rewards of Shoplifting: An Evaluation of Ink Tags." Security Journal 7(1): 11–14.

Dyball, Matthew. 2008. "Using Hot Product Controllers to Manage Shrink: A South Africa Case Study." Loss Prevention Magazine 7(6): 70–73.

Ekblom, Paul. 1986. The Prevention of Shop Theft: An Approach Through Crime Analysis. Crime Prevention Unit, Paper 5. London: Home Office Crime Prevention Unit.

Farrington, David P. 1999. "Measuring, Explaining and Preventing Shoplifting: A Review of British Research." Security Journal 12(1): 9–27.

Farrington, David P., Sean Bowen, Abigail Buckle, Tony Burns-Howell, John Burrows, and Martin Speed. 1993. "An Experiment on the Prevention of Shoplifting." In Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 1, ed. Ronald V. Clarke. Monsey, New York: Criminal Justice Press: 93–119.

Finklea, Kristin M. 2012. Organized Retail Crime. CRS Report to Congress. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service.

Hampshire Constabulary (U.K.). 2007. "Operation Kensington: Bringing the Business Community and the Police Together." Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.

Handford, Matthew. 1994. "Electronic Tagging in Action: A Case Study in Retailing." In Crime at Work: Studies in Security and Crime Prevention, Vol. 1, ed. Martin Gill. Leicester, England: Perpetuity Press: 174–184.

Hayes, Read. 2005. Organized Retail Crime: Describing a Major Problem. Tallahassee, Florida: Loss Prevention Research Council, University of Florida.

----- 1997. "Retail Theft: An Analysis of Apprehended Shoplifters." Security Journal 8(3): 233–246.

Hobson, Katherine. 2001. "Hey, Security Tag Makers: You're It." U.S. News & World Report, May 14, p. 34.

Klemke, Lloyd W. 1992. The Sociology of Shoplifting: Boosters and Snitches Today. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.

McCulloch, Helen. 1996. Shop Theft: Improving the Police Response. Crime Detection and Prevention Series, Paper 76. London: Home Office.

Miller, Charles. 2005. Organized Retail Theft: Raising Awareness, Offering Solutions. Washington, D.C.: National Retail Foundation.

National Retail Foundation. 2011. Organized Retail Crime Survey, 2010. Washington, D.C.: National Retail Foundation.

Palmer, Walter E., and Chris Richardson. 2009. Organized Retail Crime: Assessing the Risk and Developing Effective Strategies. An ASIS Foundation Research Council CRISP Report. Alexandria, Virginia: American Society for Industrial Security Foundation, Inc.

Parks, Liz. 2008. "Uniting Against ORC: LP Execs Work with Each Other, Law Enforcement and Legislatures to Battle Crime." Stores Magazine (May): 12.

----- 2007. "Keeping a Watchful Eye." Supermarket News, 55(43): 12.

Rafacz, Sharlet D., Thomas E. Boyce, and W. Larry Williams. 2011. "Examining the Effects of a Low-Cost Prompt to Reduce Retail Theft." Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 31(2): 150–160.

Retail Industry Leaders Association (2011). Crime Trends and Leading Practices Survey. October, 2011.

Sacco, Vincent F. 1985. "Shoplifting Prevention: The Role of Communication-Based Intervention Strategies." Canadian Journal of Criminology 27(1): 15–29.

Sherman, Lawrence W., and Patrick R. Gartin. 1986. Differential Recidivism: A Field Experiment on the Specific Sanction Effects of Arrest for Shoplifting. Washington, D.C.: Crime Control Institute.

Talamo, John. 2007. "Organized Retail Crime: Executing the ORC Strategy." Loss Prevention Magazine 7(1): 58.

U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2011. Organized Retail Crime: Private Sector and Law Enforcement Collaborate to Deter and Investigate Theft. GAO-11-685. Report to the Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: Government Accountability Office.

U.S. House of Representatives. 2005. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security. Responding to Organized Crime Against Manufacturers and Retailers: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary House of Representatives. 109th Congress, 1st sess. March 17.

Virgillo, Amber. 2012. "Are Retailers to Blame?" LP Magazine (July-August).

Woyke, Elizabeth. 2006. "Attention, Shoplifters: With $30 Billion in Theft, There's a Revolution in Surveillance Systems." Business Week Magazine September 11.

Wyld, David C., and Michael C. Budden. 2009. "Upping the Ante: Using RFID as a Competitive Weapon to Fight Shoplifting and Improve Business Intelligence." The International Journal of Managing Information Technology 1(1): 1–10.