Center for Problem-Oriented Policing


Anderson, B., and J. OConnell Davidson (2003). Is Trafficking in Human Beings Demand Driven? A Multi-Country Pilot Study. IOM Research Series, no. 15. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Migration.

Aronowitz, A. (2003). Coalitions Against Trafficking in Human Beings in the Philippines: Research and Action. Final Report. Geneva, Switzerland: United National Office on Drugs and Crime, Anti-Human Trafficking Unit.[Full Text]

Bales, K., L. Fletcher and E. Stover (2004). Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Free the Slaves; Berkeley, Calif.: Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley.[Full Text]

Caldwell, G., S. Galster and N. Steinzor (1997). Crime & Servitude: An Expose of the Traffic in Women for Prostitution from the Newly Independent States. Washington, D.C.: Global Survival Network.

Cwikel, J., B. Chudakov, M. Paikin, K. Agmon & RH Belmaker (2004). Trafficked female sex workers awaiting deportation: comparison with brothel workers. Archives of Womens Mental Health 7(4): 243-249.

de Baca, L., and A. Tisi (2002). Working Together to Stop Modern-Day Slavery. Police Chief 69(8): 78-80.

Edwards, J. (2003). Officers Need Backup: The Role of State and Local Police in Immigration Law Enforcement. Backgrounder. Washington, D.C.: Center for Immigration Studies.[Full Text]

Ekberg, G. (2004). The Swedish Law That Prohibits the Purchase of Sexual Services. Violence Against Women 10(10): 1187-1218.

Florida State University, Center for the Advancement of Human Rights (2003). Florida Responds to Human Trafficking. Tallahassee, Fla.: Florida Department of Children & Families, Office of Refugee Services.[Full Text]

Freilich, J., and G. Newman, eds. (2005). Migration, Crime and Terrorism. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate.

Gatmaytan, D. (1997). Death and the Maid: Work, Violence, and the Filipina in the International Labor Market. Harvard Womens Law Journal 20: 229-261.

Guerette, R. (2004). Migrant death And the border safety initiative: An application of situational crime prevention to inform policy and practice. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Rutgers University, Newark.

Gumbel, A. Fashion Victims: Inside the Sweat Shops of Los Angeles. Independent / UK, August 3, 2001.

Gushulak, B., and D. MacPherson (2000). Health issues associated with the smuggling and trafficking of migrants. Journal of Immigrant Health 2(2): 67-78.

Hesseling, R. (1994). Displacement: a review of the empirical literature. In Crime Prevention Studies, edited by R.V. Clarke, vol. 3, chap. 7. N.Y.: Willow Tree Press.[Full Text]

Hughes, D. (2001). The Impact of the Use of New Communications and Information Technologies on Trafficking in Human Beings for Sexual Exploitation: A Study of the Users. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, Committee for Equality Between Women and Men.[Full Text]

(2003). Hiding in Plain Sight: A Practical Guide to Identifying Victims of Trafficking in the U.S. With Particular Emphasis on Victims of Sexual Trafficking as Defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000. Providence, R.I.: University of Rhode Island. [Full Text]

(2004a). Best Practices to Address the Demand Side of Sex Trafficking. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of State. [Full Text]

(2004b). The Role of Marriage Agencies in the Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of Women from the Former Soviet Union. International Review of Victimology 11(1): 49-71.

Human Rights Watch (2001). Hidden in the Home: Abuse of Domestic Workers with Special Visas in the United States. Vol. 12, no. 2(G). New York: Human Rights Watch.[Full Text] (2004).

International Labour Office (2003). Trafficking in Human Beings: New Approaches to Combating the Problem. Geneva: ILO. [Full Text]

Jacobson, M. (2002). Why do Men Buy Sex? An interview with Sven-Axel Mansson.NIKK Magasin, no. 1: 22-25. [Full Text]

Jelinek, P. Anti-Prostitution Rule Drafted for U.S. Forces. Washington Post, September 22, 2004.

Kangaspunta, K. (2003). Mapping the inhuman trade: preliminary findings of the database on trafficking in human beings. Forum on Crime and Society, vol. 3, no. 1 and 2: 81-104. United Nations Office on Drug Control. [Full Text]

Kansas City (Missouri) Police Department (2004). Westside CAN Center - Day Laborer Project. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. [Full Text]

King, M. (2003). RICO: A New Tool for Immigration Law Enforcement. Backgrounder. Washington, D.C.: Center for Immigration Studies.[Full Text]

Kulick, D. (2003). Sex in the new Europe: The criminalization of clients and Swedish fear of penetration. Anthropological Theory, vol. 3(2): 199-218. London, Thousand Oaks, Calif., and New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Laczko, F., and M. Gramegna (2003). Developing Better Indicators of Human Trafficking. Brown Journal of World Affairs 10(1): 179-194.

Lloyd, K. (2000). Wives for Sale: The Modern International Mail-Order Bride Industry. Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business 20(2): 341-368.

Mackenzie, E., L. Taylor, B. Bloom, D. Hufford and J. Johnson (2003). Ethnic minority use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): a national probability survey of CAM utilizers. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 9(4): 50-56.[Full Text]

MacPherson, D., and B. Gushulak. (2004). Irregular Migration and Health. Global Commission on International Migration, research paper series no. 7, October. [Full Text]

Mazerolle, L., and J. Roehl, eds. (1999). Civil Remedies and Crime Prevention. Crime Prevention Studies, vol. 9. Monsey, New York: Criminal Justice Press.

National City (California) Police Department (2000). Q Avenue Project. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. [Full Text]

National Trafficking Alert System (no date). Criminal Justice Briefing Materials. Polaris Project.[Full Text]

Nordic Institute for Womens Studies and Gender Research (2002). Bodies Across Borders Prostitution and Trafficking in Women. NIKK Magasin, no. 1.

Parrado, E., C. Flippen and C. McQuiston ( 2004). Use of Commercial Sex Workers Among Hispanic Migrants In North Carolina: Implications for the Spread of HIV. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 36(4): 150-156

Persons, C. (1996). Sex in the Sunlight: The Effectiveness, Efficiency, Constitutionality, and Advisability of Publishing Names and Pictures of Prostitutes Patrons. Vanderbilt Law Review 49: 1525-1575.

Raymond, J. (2004). Prostitution on Demand: Legalizing the buyers as sexual consumers. Violence Against Women 10(10): 1156-1186.

Raymond, J., and D. Hughes (2001). Sex Trafficking of Women in the United States: International and Domestic Trends. North Amherst, Mass.: Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. [Full Text]

Ryf, K. (2002). The First Modern Anti-Slavery Law: The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. Case Western Research Journal of International Law 34(1): 45-71.

Salt, J. (2000). Trafficking and Human Smuggling: A European Perspective. International Migration 38(3): 31-56.

Scott, M. (2000). Street Prostitution. Problem-Specific Guide for Police No.2. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.[Full Text]

Seabrook, J. (2001). Travels in the Skin Trade: Tourism and the Sex Industry, 2d ed. London; Sterling, Va.: Pluto Press.

Seghetti, L., S. Vina and K. Ester (2004). Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement. CRS Report for Congress. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Services, Library of Congress.[Full Text]

Senior Policy Advisory Group (SPOG) (2005). Assessment of U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons in Fiscal Year 2004. [Full Text]

Stone, S. (2004). Mail Order Brides: Taking a Look From a New Perspective. [Full Text]

Stuart Police Department (2001). Building Bridges by Mending Fences. Submission for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing.[Full Text]

Tiefenbrun, S. (2002). The Saga of Susannah: A U.S. Remedy for Sex Trafficking in Women: The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. Utah Law Review 2002: 107-175.[Full Text]

Torrey, M., and S. Dubin, eds. (2003). Demand Dynamics: The Forces of Demand in Global Sex Trafficking: Conference Report. Chicago, Ill.: International Human Rights Law Institute, DePaul University College of Law.

TVPA (2000). Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (2000). Pub. L. No. 106-386, Div. A, 114 Stat. 1464, enacted October 28, 2000. Division A of this law is referred to as The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.[Full Text]

U.S. Department of State (2004). Trafficking in Persons Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of State. [Full Text]

(2005). Trafficking in Persons Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of State. [Full Text]

United Nations (2000). Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. Vienna: United Nations.[Full Text]

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) (2003). Combating Human Trafficking in Asia: A Resource Guide to International and Regional Legal Instruments, Political Commitments and Recommended Practices. Bangkok, Thailand: UNESCAP.

Venkatraman, B. (2003). Human Trafficking: A Guide to Detecting, Investigating, and Punishing Modern-Day Slavery. Police Chief 70(12): 34-43.

Walter, N. (2002). Social context of work injury among undocumented day laborers in San Francisco. Journal of General Internal Medicine 17(3): 221-229.

Weidner, R. (1999). 'I Won't Do Manhattan': A Study of the Causes and Consequences of a Decline in Street Prostitution. Ph.D. dissertation, Rutgers University, Newark.

Wijers, M., and L. Lap-Chew (1999). Trafficking in Women: Forced Labour and Slavery-like Practices in Marriage, Domestic Labour and Prostitution. Utrecht, Netherlands: Foundation Against Trafficking in Women; Bangkok, Thailand: Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women.

Willis, B., and B. Levy (2002). Child Prostitution: Global Health Burden, Research Needs, and Interventions. Lancet, April 20.[Full Text]

Zarembka, J. (2000). Modern Slavery: Abuse of Domestic Workers. Off Our Backs 30(7): 12, 19.[Full Text]